Research

Research and Industrial Consultation

At the department we believe that universities were always the centres of scholarship. Today, they have to extend their function and fully integrate research, education and innovation, and attract other centres of knowledge into cooperation.
Research and thus postgraduate studies, have to be more focused on industrial problems. The department is working relentlessly to establish a meaningful and productive link with prominent polymer related industries. The broad framework of cooperation is as follows:

1. Area of interest at the department

  • Process Equipment Design & Simulation
  • Process Optimization
  • Development and complete characterization regarding:
    • Thermoplastic & Thermosets Compounding
    • Elastomers Masterbatches
    • Polymeric Composites
    • Reverse Engineering & Identification
    • Seminars at various Levels

 

2. Industry Contribution

  • Industrial Training & Internships
  • Enhancement of Laboratory facilities
  • Scholarships for students
  • Research projects leading to M.Sc. engineering
  • Funded Industrial Research

 

3. Modes of Interactions

  • Direct Liaison on Specific Project Basis
  • Collaboration through HEC-Industry Linkage Program

 

Collaborating Industries
Department has signed Memorandum of understandings (MOUs) with some of the leading industries. We provide industrial research and testing facilities to these industries. Industries provide practical knowledge to our graduates. Some of the major industries entering into agreement with department include:

  • Packages (Pvt.) Ltd
  • SPELL Group of Industries
  • Lucky Plastics
  • Fiber craft composites
  • Popular Pipes
  • Forward Sports

Under the above mentioned themes, the Department has established very close and congenial relationships with the Industries, around, including Descon Chemicals, Froward Sports,Rupali Polyester,Ibrahim Fibres,Fibretech Ltd,Popular Pipes,Lucky Plastics,Samad Rubber Works,Service Industries and many others.
Recently, the Department has signed an MOU with Forward Sports for collaborative research and development and working hard for the formulation of interaction modalities with many other industrial parteners.

4. Departmental Funded Projects:

1.

Multifunctional Structural Polymer Nanocomposites for electrical energy storage applications (6.46 M)

2.

Synthesis, characterization and module fabrication of novel intrinsically conducting polymers membranes for heavy metal removal from drinking water employing low-pressure nanofiltration (5.59 M)

3.

Fabrication and Characterization of Novel Nanocomposites Based Proton Exchange Membranes Modified with Electroactive Polymers for Enhanced Performance and Stability in Fuel Cell Technology (2.13 M)

5.

Development of mixed-matrix membrane separation system for carbon capture from industrially-simulated post-combustion flue gases originating from various fuel sources (9.32 M)

6.

In-house fabrication of functional ion exchange membranes and state-of-the-art electro-dialyzers for simultaneously extracting metal-ions and reusable water from highly concentrated industrial wastewater effluents (8.97 M)

7.

Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells/Modules as alternative to battery technology and grid connection for powering internet of things (IoTs) Devices (16.90 M)

8.

Development of economical nanocomposites through upcycling of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) waste for automotive and electronics applications (5.0 M)

9

Development of styrenics blends with elastomers and thermoplastics for automotive applications (12.30 M)

 

Noteworthy Publications by Faculty Members

Sr No. Name of Author(s) Title of Research Paper Journal Name Year
1. M. A. Shehzad et al. Shielded goethite catalyst that enables fast water dissociation in bipolar membranes Nat Commun 2021
2. U. Abid, Y. Q. Gill, M. S. Irfan, R. Umer, and F. Saeed Potential applications of polycarbohydrates, lignin, proteins, polyacids, and other renewable materials for the formulation of green elastomers International Journal of Biological Macromolecule 2021
3. Y. Q. Gill, F. Saeed, M. H. Shoukat, M. S. Irfan, and U. Abid A study on the dewaxing behavior of carbon-black-modified LDPE–paraffin wax composites for investment casting applications Arab. J. Sci. Eng. 2021
4. M. Sufyan, U. Mehmood, Y. Q. Gill, A. H. Khan Hydrothermally synthesize zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods as an effective photoanode material for third-generation Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) Mater. Letters 2021
5. A. Javaid, O. Khalid, A. Shakeel, S. Noreen Multifunctional structural supercapacitors based on polyaniline deposited carbon fiber reinforced epoxy composites Journal of Energy Storage 2021
6. U. Siddiqui, H. Khalid, S. Ghafoor, A. Javaid, A. Asif, A. S. Khan Analyses on mechanical and physical performances of nano-apatite grafted glass fibers based dental composites Materials Chemistry and Physics 2021
7. M. Farooq, A. Ansarifa A study into crack initiation and growth in peroxide-cured silica-filled polybutadiene rubber vulcanisate under a cyclic loading condition Journal of Rubber Research 2021
8. M. Ahmad, M. Sarfraz, M. Ba-Shammakh, K. Naseer, M. A. Ahmed Optimizing membrane synthesis parameters via Taguchi method: An approach to prepare high-performance mixed-matrix membranes for carbon capture applications, J Chem Eng 2021
9. Y. Q. Gill, U. Abid, M. S. Irfan, F. Saeed, A. Shakoor Fabrication, characterization, and machining of polypropylene/wood flour composites FirdausArab. J. Sci. Eng. 2021
10. U. Mehmood, A. Ishfaq, M. Sufyan Nanocomposites of Multi-walled Carbon Nanotubes and Titanium dioxide (MWCNTs/TiO2) as affective counter electrode materials for Platinum-free Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs), Solar Energy 2021
11. M. Sufyan, U. Mehmood, Y. Q. Gill, R. Nazar, A. H. Khan Hydrothermally synthesize zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods as an effective photoanode material for third-generation Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), Materials Letters 2021
12. U. Mehmood, A. Aslam, M. H. Arshad, A. Ishfaq, J. Zaheer Mixed Cations Polymer Gel Electrolytes for Quasi-Solid-State Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells  IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 2021
13. S. Bano N. Ramzan T. Iqbal H. Mahmood F. Saeed Study of thermal degradation behavior and kinetics of ABS/PC blend Pol.  J.  Chem.  Tech 2020
14. M. Idrees, A. T. Hussain, F. Saeed, T. Hussain, Effectiveness of metakaolin and hybrid polymers incorporated mortar for the compressive strength and acid resistance of industrial and wastewater infrastructure Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy 2020
15. M. O. Awan, A. Shakoor, M. S. Rehan, and Y. Q. Gill Development of HDPE composites with improved mechanical properties using calcium carbonate and nanoclay Phys. B  Phys. Condens. Matter, 2020
16. M. A. Shehzad et al. La4NiLiO8 Shielded Layered Cathode Materials for Emerging High-Performance Safe Batteries ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 2020
17. M. A. Shehzad et al. A first report on ex-situ synthesis and utilization of pure La4NiLiO8 in emerging high-performance safe batteries Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2020
18. Y. Q. Gill, U. Abid, and M. Song High-performance Nylon12/clay nanocomposites for potential packaging applications J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 2020
19. Y. Q. Gill, J. Jin, and M. Song. Comparative study of carbon-based nanofillers for improving the properties of HDPE for potential applications in food tray packaging Polym. Compos. 2020
20. I. A. Rashid et al. Stretchable strain sensors based on polyaniline/thermoplastic polyurethane blends Polym. Bull., 2020
21. Y. Q. Gill, M. Song, and U. Abid, Permeation characterization and modeling of polyethylene/clay nanocomposites for packaging Polym. Bulletin 2020
22. Y. Q. Gill, H. Ehsan, M. S. Irfan, F. Saeed, and A. Shakoor

 

Synergistic augmentation of polypropylene composites by hybrid morphology polyaniline particles for antistatic packaging application Mater. Res. Express 2020
23.  Y. Q. Gill, H. Ehsan, M. S. Irfan, F. Saeed, and A. Shakoor, Synergistic augmentation of polypropylene composites by hybrid morphology polyaniline particles for antistatic packaging applications Mater. Res. Express 2020
24. A. Javaid, H. T. Ashraf, M. Mustaghees, A. Khalid. Fire-retardant carbon/glass fabric-reinforced epoxy sandwich composites for structural applications Polymer Composites 2020
25. Khadija Tul Kubra, Atif Javaid, Rehana Sharif, Ghulam Ali, Fauzia Iqbal, Ayesha Salman, Fozia Shaheen, Annam Butt, Faiza Jan Iftikhar Facile synthesis and electrochemical study of a ternary hybrid PANI/GNP/MnO2 as supercapacitor electrode material Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics 2020
26. Khadija Tul Kubra, Rehana Sharif, Bebi Patil, Atif Javaid, Shamaila Shahzadi, Ayesha Salman, Sofia Siddique, Ghulam Ali Hydrothermal synthesis of neodymium oxide nanoparticles and its nanocomposites with manganese oxide as electrode materials for supercapacitor application Journal of Alloys and Compounds 2020
27. Muhammad Ahmad, Asif Ali Qaiser, Noor Ul Huda, and Anem Saeed Heterogeneous ion exchange membranes based on thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU): effect of PSS/DVB resin on morphology and electrodialysis RSC Adv. 2020
28. M. Sohail Sarwar, Abdul Ghaffar, Atif Islam, Farhat Yasmin, Zehra Oluz, Eylül Tuncel, Hatice Duran, Asif Ali Qaiser Controlled drug release behavior of metformin hydrogen chloride from biodegradable films based on chitosan/poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether blend, Arabian Journal of Chemistry 2020
29. Umer Mehmood, Hafza Asghar, Falak Babar, Muhammad Younas Effect of graphene contents in polyaniline/graphene composites counter electrode material on the photovoltaic performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCSs), Solar Energy 2020
30. Falak Babar, Umer Mehmood*, Hafza Asghar, M. Hassan, Mehdi, Anwar Ul Haq Khan, Hamza Khalid, Noor ul Huda, Zaira Fatima Nanostructured photoanode materials and their deposition methods for efficient and economical third generation dye-sensitized solar cells: A comprehensive review Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2020
31. Asad Aslam, Umer Mehmood*, Muhammad Hamza Arshad, Abdulrehman Ishfaq, Junaid Zaheer, AnwarUl Haq Khan, Muhammad Sufyan Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) as a potential photovoltaic technology for the self-powered Internet of things (IoT) applications Solar Energy 2020
32. Umer Mehmood, SHA Ahmad, Amir Al-Ahmed, Abbas Saeed Hakeem, H Dafalla, A Laref, Synthesis and Characterization of Cerium Oxide Impregnated Titanium Oxide Photoanodes for Efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 2020
33. Muhammad A. Shehzad et al. Angioplasty mimetic stented ion transport channels construct durable high-performance membranes Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2019
34. Muhammad A. Shehzad et al. Biomimetic mitochondrial nanostructures boost the battery performance Energy and Environmental Science 2019
35. Muhammad A. Shehzad et al. Biomimetic Nanocones that Enable High Ion Permselectivity Angew. Chem. Int. 2019
36. Y. Q. Gill, M. Sajid, H. Ehsan, and U. Abid

 

Effect of nano-susceptor material addition on the microwave sintering of polypropylene Pakistan J. Eng. Appl. Sci 2019
37. Y. Q. Gill, M. S. Irfan, F. Saeed, M. Nadeem, and H. Ehsan Silanized silica compatibilization of NBR/gelatin blends for the production of green rubber products J. Elastomers Plast. 2019
38. M. S. Irfan, Y. Q. Gill, M. Hashmi, S. Ullah, F. Saeed, and A. A. Qaiser, Long-term stress relaxation behavior of Polyaniline-EPDM blends using the time-temperature-strain superposition method Mater. Res. Express 2019
39. M. S. Irfan, Y. Q. Gill, S. Ullah, M. T. Naeem, F. Saeed, and M. Hashmi,

 

Polyaniline-NBR blends by in situ polymerization: application as stretchable strain sensors Smart Mater. Struct., 2019
40. Atif Javaid, Ahmad Shahzaib, Hammad Tahir, Munazza Ali, Wajiha Younus Investigation of Mechanical and Electrochemical Performance of Multifunctional Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Polymer Composites for Electrical Energy Storage Applications J.Chem.Soc.Pak 2019
41. Muhammad Asim Iqbal, Muhammad Ahsan Iqbal, Atif Javaid Synergistic Effect of Aluminum Hydroxide and Antimony Trioxide on the Flammability of Phosphorous Modified Epoxy Resin 2019
42. Atif Javaid, Muhammad Irfan, Multifunctional structural supercapacitors based on graphene nanoplatelets/carbon aerogel composite coated carbon fiber electrodes Mater. Res. Express 2019
43. Khadija Tul Kubra, Atif Javaid, Bebi Patil, Rehana Sharif, Ayesha Salman, Shamaila Shahzadi, Sofia Siddique, Sheeba Ghani Synthesis and characterization of novel Pr6O11/Mn3O4 nanocomposites for electrochemical supercapacitors Ceramics International 2019
44. Atif Javaid, Muhammad B Zafrullah, Fareed ul Haq Khan, Ghulam M Bhatti Improving the multifunctionality of structural supercapacitors by interleaving graphene nanoplatelets between carbon fibers and solid polymer electrolyte Journal of Composite Materials 2019
45. Muhammad Junaid Alvi, Tahir Izhar, Asif Ali Qaiser, Hafiz Shafqat Kharal, Adnan Safdar Field Optimization and Electrostatic Stress Reduction of Proposed Conductor Scheme for Pliable Gas-Insulated Transmission Lines Appl. Sci. 2019
46. Muhammad Shafiq Irfan, Yasir Qayyum Gill, Motahira Hashmi, Sana Ullah, Farhan Saeed and Asif Ali Qaiser Long-term stress relaxation behavior of Polyaniline-EPDM blends using the time-temperature-strain superposition method Mater. Res. Express 2019
47. Muhammad Sarfraz, Zia ur Rehman, M. Ba‑Shammakh Pursuit of electroconducting thermoplastic vulcanizates: activated charcoal‑filled polypropylene/ ethylene–propylene–diene monomer blends with upgraded electrical, mechanical and thermal properties, Polymer Bulletin 2019
48. Muhammad Farooq, Ali Ansarifar Some factors affecting the flex life of polybutadiene rubber vulcanizate Journal of Rubber Research volume 2019
49. Umer Mehmood, Anwar-Ul-Haq Khan Spray coated PbS nanocrystals as an effective counter-electrode material for platinum-free Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) Solar Energy 2019
50. Umer Mehmood, Nayab Abdul Karim, Hafiza Fizza Zahid, Tahir Asif, Muhamm Younas, Polyaniline/graphene nanocomposites as counter electrode materials for platinum-free dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCSs), Materials Letters 2019
51. Umer Mehmood, Waqar Ahmad, Shakeel Ahmed Nickel impregnated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (Ni/MWCNT) as active catalyst materials for efficient and platinum-free dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) Sustainable Energy Fuels 2019
52. Iqra Abdul Rashid, Muhammad Shafiq Irfan, Yasir Qayyum Gill, Rabia Nazar, Farhan Saeed, Ayesha Afzal, Hira Ehsan, Asif Ali Qaiser, Abdul Shakoor Stretchable strain sensors based on polyaniline/thermoplastic polyurethane blends Polymer Bulletin 2019
53. Umer Mehmood, Khalil Harrabi, Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein, Nagendiran Shanmugam, A. Mekki, M. Mekki, M. A. McLachlan A study on the stability of active layer of polymer solar cells: effect of UV–visible light with different conditions Polymer Bulletin 2019
54. Nayab Abdul Karim, Umer Mehmood*, Hafiza Fizza Zahid, TahiraAsif Nanostructured photoanode and counter electrode materials for efficient Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) Solar Energy 2019
55. Atif Javaid and Ayesha Afzal Carbon fiber reinforced modified bisphenol-a diglycidylether epoxy composites for flame retardant applications Mater. Res. Express 2018
56. Atif Javaid, Muhammad Zeshan Multifunctional structural lithium-ion batteries for electrical energy storage applications Mater. Res. Express 2018
57. Muhammad Junaid Alvi, Tahir Izhar, Asif Ali Qaiser Proposed Scheme of Pliable Gas Insulated Transmission Line and Its Comparative Appraisal Regarding Electrostatic and Dielectric Aspects Electronics 2018
58. Muhammad Shafiq Irfan, Farhan Saeed, Yasir Qayyum Gill, Asif Ali Qaiser Effects of hybridization and fiber orientation on flexural properties of hybrid short glass fiber– and short carbon fiber–reinforced vinyl ester composites Polymers and Polymer Composites 2018
59. Farhan Saeed, Saleem Anwar, Muhammad Shafiq Irfan, Asif Ali Qaiser, Yasir Qayyum Gill. Carbon black/nickel hybrid filler reinforced conductive polypropylene composites, J. Appl. Polym. Sci 2018
60. Umer Mehmood, M. Irfan Malik, Anwar Ul Haq Khan, Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein, Khalil Harrabi, Amir Al-Ahmed Effect of outdoor temperature on the power-conversion efficiency of newly synthesized organic photosensitizer-based dye-sensitized solar cells Materials Letters 2018
61. Umer Mehmood, Syed Haseeb Ali Ahmad, Anwar Ul Haq Khan, Asif Ali Qaiser Co-sensitization of graphene/TiO2 nanocomposite thin films with ruthenizer and metal-free organic photosensitizers for improving the power conversion efficiency of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) Solar Energy 2018
62. Umer Mehmood, Anwar Ul Haq Khan, Asif Ali Qaiser, Sheraz Bashir, Muhammad Younas Nanocomposites of carbon allotropes with TiO2 as effective photoanodes for efficient dye-sensitized solar cells Material Letters 2018
63. Umer Mehmood, H. Muzammil Irshad, Fahad A. Al-Sulaiman, Sheraz Bashir, B.S. Yilbas Effect of accumulation of environmental dust and subsequent mud formation on textural, chemical, and optical properties of silicon wafers for photovoltaic cells IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 2018
64. M. Younas M.A. Gondal, Umer Mehmood, K. Harrabi Z.H. Yamani F.A. Al‐Sulaiman Performance enhancement of dye‐sensitized solar cells via co-sensitization of ruthenizer Z907 and organic sensitizer SQ2 International Journal of Energy Research 2018
65. Muhammad Mansha, Umer Mehmood, Nisar Ullah Poly(phenylene cyanovinylenes) carbazole based conjugated polymer as a photosensitizer for dye-sensitized solar cells Materials Letters 2018
66. A. Javaid, K. K. C. Ho, A. Bismarck, J.H.G. Steinke, M.S.P. Shaffer and E.S. Greenhalgh Improving the multifunctional behavior of structural supercapacitors by incorporating chemically activated carbon fibers and mesoporous silica particles as reinforcement Journal of Composite 2018
67. R.Nazar, A.Vitale, M.Sangermano,R.M.Bongiovanni Silver nanocomposites by photoreduction of AgNO3 and simultaneous photocrosslinking of the acrylic matrix: effect of poly-N-vinylpyrrolidone on Ag particle formation Journal of Polymer Engineering 2018
68. Muhammad Sarfraz Quest for electroconducting structural polymers:

CNTs/Polybond nanocomposites with improved

electrical and mechanical properties

Journal of Polymer Engineering 2017
69. Muhammad Zeshan Ali and Atif Javaid Mechanical and Rheological Characterization of Efficient and Economical Structural Wood-Plastic Composite of Wood and PVC Journal of the Chemical Society of Pakistan

 

2017
70.  Anwar Ul Haq Khan, Zafarullah Khanb, Isam H. Aljundi Improved hydrophilicity and anti-fouling properties of polyamide TFN

a membrane comprising carbide-derived carbon

Desalination 2017
71. Umer Mehmood, Amir Al-Ahmeda, Fahad A. Al-Sulaiman, M. Irfan Malik

Farrukh Shehzadb, Anwar Ul Haq Khan

Effect of temperature on the photovoltaic performance and stability of solid-state

dye-sensitized solar cells: A review

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 2017
72. Rabia Nazar Insitu photosynthesis and stabilization of copper nanoparticles, Pak. J. Engg & Appl. Sci. 2017
73.

 

Muhammad Sarfraz

M. Ba-Shammakh

Synergistic effect of adding graphene oxide and ZIF-301 to polysulfone to develop high performance mixed matrix membranes for selective carbon dioxide separation from post-combustion flue gas Journal of Membrane Science 2016
74. Muhammad Sarfraz

M. Ba-Shammakh

A novel zeolitic imidazolate framework based mixed-matrix

membrane for efficient CO= separation under wet conditions

Journal of the Taiwan Institute of Chemical Engineers 2016
75. Muhammad Sarfraz

M. Ba-Shammakh

Synergistic effect of incorporating ZIF-302 and graphene oxide

to polysulfone to develop highly selective mixed-matrix membranes

for carbon dioxide separation from wet post-combustion flue gases

Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 2016
76. Malik, M.S., Qaiser, A. A., Arif, M., Structural and Electrochemical Studies of Heterogeneous Ion Exchange Membranes based on Polyaniline-Coated Cation Exchange Resin Particles RSC Advances, DOI:

10.1039/C6RA24594C

2016
77. Irfan, M. S., N. Shotton-Gale, Paget, M. A., Machavaram, V. R., Leek. C., Wootoon. S., Hudson. M., Helsmens. S., Bogonez, F. N., Pandita, S. D., and G. F. Fernando A Modified Pultrusion Process Journal of Composite Materials 2016
78. S. Naseem, M. S. Irfan, F. Saeed, M. B. Manzoor, A. A. Qaiser, M. A. Shehzad Effect of dopant type on the properties of polyaniline filled PU/PMMA conducting interpenetrating polymer networks Progress in Plastics, Rubber and Recycling Technology 2016
79. Amina Afzal, Muhammad Shahid Rafique, Nadeem Iqbal, Asif Ali Qaiser, Abdul Waheed Anwar and Sadia Sagar Iqbal Synergistic Effect of Functionalized Nanokaolin Decorated MWCNTs on the Performance of Cellulose Acetate (CA) Membranes Spectacular, Nanomaterials 2016
80. Muhammad Sarfraz, M. Ba-Shammakh Combined Effect of CNTs with ZIF-302 into Polysulfone to Fabricate MMMs for Enhanced CO2 Separation from Flue Gases Arab J Sci Eng, DOI 10.1007/s13369-016-2096-4. 2016
81. Muhammad Sarfraz Upgrading Electrical, Mechanical, and Chemical Properties of CNTs/Polybond„ Nanocomposites: Pursuit of Electroconductive Structural Polymer Nanocomplexes”. International Journal of Polymer Science, Volume, Article ID 2396817, 8 pages.

 

2016
82. Malik, M.S., Qaiser, A. A., Arif, M., Structural and Electrochemical Studies of Heterogeneous Ion Exchange Membranes based on Polyaniline-Coated Cation Exchange Resin Particles RSC Advances, DOI:

10.1039/C6RA24594C

2016
83. Irfan, M. S., N. Shotton-Gale, Paget, M. A., Machavaram, V. R., Leek. C., Wootoon. S., Hudson. M., Helsmens. S., Bogonez, F. N., Pandita, S. D., and G. F. Fernando A Modified Pultrusion Process Journal of Composite Materials 2016
84. S. Naseem, M. S. Irfan, F. Saeed, M. B. Manzoor, A. A. Qaiser, M. A. Shehzad Effect of dopant type on the properties of polyaniline filled PU/PMMA conducting interpenetrating polymer networks Progress in Plastics, Rubber and Recycling Technology 2016
85. Shahzad, M.A., Qaiser, A. A., Javaid, A., and Saeed, F. In situ solution-phase polymerization and chemical vapor deposition of polyaniline on microporous cellulose ester membranes: AFM and electrical conductivity studies Synthetic Metals 2015
86. R.Nazar, S.Ronchetti, I.Roppolo, M.Sangermano,R.M.Bongiovanni In Situ Synthesis of Polymer Embedded Silver Nanoparticles via Photopolymerization Macromolecular, Mat and Eng., 300, 226–233

 

2015